The History of Logging
The slide presentation and suggested lesson activities have been designed to assist teachers in meeting the
Grade 3 Social Studies IRP, Prescribed Learning Outcomes. This integrated unit will also meet IRP
requirements in other subject areas. As a teacher, you can choose to do the entire kit as a unit or just
select a few activities to accompany your Social Studies unit.
Connection to the Curriculum
Grade 3 Socials:
- Identify changes that occur in communities over time.
- Assess how technology affects individuals and communities.
- Assess how needs and wants are met in communities.
- Identify the importance of communities’ cultural similarities and differences.
- Describe how the physical environment influenced early settlement in their local community
or another community studied.
- Gather information from a variety of sources.
Grade 3 Math:
- Sort and organize data by one or more attributes and by using graphic organizers such as charts.
Background information for teacher
Logging began in the Interior of B.C. in the late 1800’s – 20 years later than it did at the Coast. Before that
time, in 1778, Captain James Cook used timber for masts and spars for his boat (see photograph in
storybook). The first sawmill in B.C. opened in 1846 near Victoria and was built by the Hudson’s Bay
In most regions, the first to arrive were explorers and pathfinders. Then came the independent trappers
followed by agents and traders for the large fur companies. The gold seekers and miners were often the
next to arrive. Once the settlements began to build, there would be a need for beef. Most towns that started
up would require a sawmill. Often, the mills were located near water (became useful to first transport logs
and then to provide steam).
The first mills were used to provide local market needs and by the latter half of the century, the focus began
to change. A building boom began to take place continent wide. The coast began to take advantage of this
first (was easier to ship lumber overseas and the quality of the coastal trees was good). The Interior had to
wait until a proper transportation network was available and until the market demand grew.
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